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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容

Section C
 Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Passage one
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
  Any veteran nicotine addict will testify that fancy packaging plays no role in the decision to keep smoking. So, it is argued, stripping cartons of their branding will trigger no mass movement to quit.
  But that isn’t why the government—under pressure from cancer charities, health workers and the Labour party—has agreed to legislate for standardized packaging. The theory is that smoking should be stripped of any appeal to discourage new generations from starting in the first place. Plain packaging would be another step in the reclassification of cigarettes from inviting consumer products to narcotics(麻醉劑).
  Naturally, the tobacco industry is violently opposed. No business likes to admit that it sells addictive poison as a lifestyle choice. That is why government has historically intervened, banning advertising, imposing health warnings and punitive(懲罰性的) duties. This approach has led over time to a fall in smoking with numbers having roughly halved since the 1970s. Evidence from Australia suggests plain packaging pushes society further along that road. Since tobacco as one of the biggest causes of premature death in the UK, a measure that tames the habit even by a fraction is worth trying.
  So why has it taken so long? The Department of Health declared its intention to consider the move in November 2010 and consulted through 2012. But the plan was suspended in July 2013. It did not escape notice that a lobbying firm set up by Lynton Crosby, David Cameron’s election campaign director, had previously acted for Philip Morris International. (The prime minister denied there was a connection between his new adviser’s outside interests and the change in legislative programme.) In November 2013, after an unnecessary round of additional consultation, health minister Jane Ellison said the government was minded to proceed after all. Now we are told Members of Parliament (MPs) will have a free voice before parliament is dissolved in March.
  Parliament has in fact already authorised the government to tame the tobacco trade. MPs voted overwhelmingly in favour of Labour amendments to the children and families bill last February that included the power to regulate for plain packaging. With sufficient will in Downing Street this would have been done already. But strength of will is the missing ingredient where Mr. Cameron and public health are concerned. His attitude to state intervention has looked confused ever since his bizarre 2006 lament(嘆息) that chocolate oranges placed seductively at supermarket check-outs fueled obesity.
  The government has moved reluctantly into a sensible public health policy, but with such obvious over-cautiousness that any political credit due belongs to the opposition. Without sustained external pressure it seems certain Mr. Cameron would still be hooked on the interests of big tobacco companies.

1.[單選題]What do chain smokers think of cigarette packaging?
  • A.Fancy packaging can help to engage new smokers.
  • B.It has little to do with the quality or taste of cigarettes.
  • C.Plain packaging discourages non-smokers from taking up smoking.
  • D.It has little impact on their decision whether or not to quit smoking.
  • 解題思路:答案定位在文章第一段,其中“veteran nicotine addict”直接對應題目中的chain smokers,而根據that 從句內的“plays no role in the decision to keep smoking”就可以選出正確選項D:“香煙的包裝對于老煙槍選擇戒煙與否而言幾乎沒有任何影響”。
2.[單選題]What has the UK government agreed to do concerning tobacco packaging?
  • A.Pass a law to standardise cigarette packaging.
  • B.Rid cigarette cartons of all advertisements.
  • C.Subsidise companies to adopt plain packaging.
  • D.Reclassify cigarettes according to packaging.
  • 解題思路:答案定位在第二段的第一句及第三段的最后一句:在第二段中,But that is not why the government - under pressure from .... party - has agreed to legislate for standardised packaging. 縱然原句意思為“這并不是政府同意針對香煙的包裝立法”;在第三段中“Since tobacco is one of the biggest causes of premature death in the UK, a measure that tames the habits even by a fraction is worth trying”,在英國由于吸煙而導致早產兒大批死亡,英國政府幫這些老煙槍們改變吸煙的嗜好的任何嘗試都是值得的;因此,答案就尤為明顯了,因此補辦選出答案A:“英國政府就香煙包裝的標準化通過了法案”。
3.[單選題]What has happened in Australia where plain packaging is implemented?
  • A.Premature death rates resulting from smoking have declined.
  • B. The number of smokers has dropped more sharply than in the UK.
  • C.The sales of tobacco substitutes have increased considerably.
  • D.Cigarette sales have been falling far more quickly than in the UK.
  • 解題思路:答案定位在第三段的第三句“this approach has led over time to a fall in smoking numbers having roughly halved since the 1970s. Evidence from Australia suggests plain packaging pushes society further along that road.”這一方法使得吸煙者數量銳減,尤其是在澳大利亞而言,這一方法頗見成效。這樣選項B就尤其明顯了。
4.[單選題]What did Cameron say about chocolate oranges at supermarket checkouts?
  • A.They fueled a lot of controversy.
  • B.They attracted a lot of smokers.
  • C.They made more British people obese.
  • D.They had certain ingredients missing.
  • 解題思路:答案定位在第四段的最后一句“his attitude to state intervention... checkouts fueled obesity”,答案由“checkouts fueled obesity”體現:“檢測出導致肥胖”。由此,答案選C。
5.[單選題]Why it taken so long for the UK government to consider plain packaging?
  • A.Prime Minister Cameron has been reluctant to take action.
  • B.There is strong opposition from veteran nicotine addicts.
  • C. Many Members of Parliament are addicted to smoking.
  • D.Pressure from tobacco manufacturers remains strong.
  • 解題思路:答案定位在第四段“David Cameron’s election campaign........(David Cameron denied...in legislative program me)”及最后一句話中“now we are told Members of .......is dissolved in March”。在特殊符號里“括號”中,首相Cameron否認在其顧問在外的經濟利益與法案改變之間有聯系,并在最后一句中指出將會讓國會議員投票。由此答案就尤為明顯,可以定位到A選項。
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  • 參考答案:D,A,B,C,A
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