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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容
    So long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning, they will continue to undertake to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to readis not passing reading on to them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists that "reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible."
    Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also a public activity: It can be seen and observed.
    Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language. Almost all of it is private, for learning is an occupation of the mind, and that process is not open to public scrutiny.
If teacher and learn roles are not interchangeable, what then can be done through teaching that will aid the child in the quest (探索) for knowledge? Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions. "Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience for children."
    When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teacher and learner fulfill them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is eliminated.Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading.
1.[單選題]The teaching of reading will be successful if __________.
  • A.teachers can improve conditions at school for the students
  • B.teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading
  • C.teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading
  • D.teachers can make their teaching activities observable
  • 解題思路:細節題。短文第二段指出The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make It possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read.即教學的目的是創造條件和氛圍,從而讓孩子們找到最有效的方法自己閱讀。故選項B正確。
2.[單選題]According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when __________.
  • A.children become highly motivated
  • B.teacher and learner roles are interchangeable
  • C.teaching helps children in the search for knowledge
  • D.reading enriches children's experience
  • 解題思路:細節題。文章最后一句指出Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading.即如果教師營造一種學習環境讓學生有機會通過閱讀來解決學習閱讀過程中碰到的問題.這樣學習閱讀就變得簡單多了。即學生需要被這種學習環境激發,故選項A正確。
3.[單選題]The problem with the reading course as mentioned in the first paragraph is that __________.
  • A.it is one of the most difficult school courses
  • B.students spend endless hours in reading
  • C.reading tasks are assigned with little guidance
  • D.too much time is spent in teaching reading
  • 解題思路:細節題。短文第一段最后一句指出readingcan not be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible即閱讀能力是沒法直接教出來的,學校應停止做這些不可能的事。由此可知學?;ㄙM了很多時間去教學生如何閱讀。故選項D正確。
4.[單選題]The word "scrutiny" in Para.3 most probably means __________.
  • A.inquiry
  • B.observation
  • C.control
  • D.suspicion
  • 解題思路:含義題。聯系上下文,分析句子意思可知scrutiny的意思應該是“監視”。閱讀學習是很私人化的,是一種心智活動,不需要受到公眾的監視。故選項B正確。
5.[單選題]The main idea of the passage is that__________.
  • A.teachers should do as little as possible in helping students learn to read
  • B.teachers should encourage students to read as widely as possible
  • C.reading ability is something acquired rather than taught
  • D.reading is more complicated than generally believed
  • 解題思路:主旨題。通讀全文可知作者主要是在講述學習閱讀。閱讀能力是沒法教出來的,需要學生自己習得。故選項C正確。
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  • 參考答案:B,A,D,B,C
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