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試題內容
    Variety is the spice of language. The words listed in this book are not intended to replace those that most people use most of the time. Rather, they are variations on the theme. We tend to use the same old words over and over again, to limit our powers of expression by limiting our vocabulary. There is nothing wrong with the "old words", but why not enhance your speech and writing by learning to use new ones from time to time as alternatives? 
    How often have you spoke of having an accident? Why not use the alternative mishap (小事故. once in a while? Everyone talks of the usual thing to do or expect. Might not one, to enrich his speech, speak of the customary thing? Or why not occasionally describe a situation as aggravated instead of worsened? 
    Don't throw away the "old words". Vary them with the "new words". English is an especially rich language, and often there are delicate shades of difference between two words that are generally regarded as equivalent or synonymous. Thus, a mishap is not merely an accident; it is an unfortunate accident. (There can be fortunate accidents, like bumping into an old friend you haven't seen for years and whose address you've lost. . So, in using mishap instead of accident, you must be sure of the distinction. Again, you'd never say "as customary" rather than "as usual", because the latter phrase has become art of the language. But wouldn't it sometimes be pleasant and perhaps more interesting to describe a kind act by someone as having been done with his customary rather than his usual thoughtfulness? Other examples: fragrant, for smelling good, or having a nice smell; morsel, for bit; wayward, for disobedient; deft, for skillful or clever. 
    No doubt a good many words in the list will be familiar to you, but do you use them, or do they remain the  "property" of others? They are included to introduce variety, and, more often than not, subtle shades of meaning into your speech and writing. Try to make these words your own, as companions or friendly rivals of the ones you have managed with in the past. Let them compete, and make your language all the richer. 
    Many words have more than one meaning. In such cases, I have given the meaning or meanings most likely to be used in everyday speech, omitting the rest. As an example, the word docile means not only   "easily led" or "manageable", but also "easily taught" or "teachable". (Docile comes from the Latin docilis, whose first meaning is  "teachable", and is based on the Latin verb docere, meaning to teach, a form of which, doctus, meaning "taught", gave us our word doctor. . In this book, only the meaning "easy to manage or lead" is given, because the other use "teachable" is very rare in everyday English usage. Or take ghastly, which means "ghostlike" as well as "horrible, dreadful"  (as in a ghastly accident or a ghastly mistake.. The first meaning is sufficiently rare, for the purposes of this book, to warrant omission. 
1.[單選題]From the word "'docile", we can see that
  • A.some words convey completely opposite meanings
  • B.Latin makes up the most important root for English words
  • C. its rare meaning is also given in the dictionary
  • D.some English words derive from Latin
  • 解題思路:由該句可知 “docile”這個詞來源于拉丁語“docilis”,由此可推斷,一些英文單詞來源于拉丁文。故D項符合文意,為正確答案。B項雖然也提到拉丁文,但原文并未提及拉丁文是英語詞匯的詞根中最重要的構成部分,故可排除。A項和C項均不合文意。
2.[單選題]According to the passage, English is a rich language in that
  • A.a lot of its words are from various languages
  • B.there are minor differences between even equivalents
  • C.its words are blended by the old and new words together
  • D.its words are grouped according to their differences in meanings
  • 解題思路:由該句可知 “英語是詞匯尤其豐富的語言,在通常被認為是同義詞的兩個詞之間經常有細微的差別?!庇纱丝梢?,本句的后半句證明了前半句。B項與原文意思相符,其中minor differences與原文delicate shades of difference對應。故答案為B。
3.[單選題]According to the author, words
  • A.add shades of color to our social life
  • B.are also a kind of assets to people
  • C.cannot be owned by speakers if not used
  • D.also compete with each other for survival
  • 解題思路:該段第一句提出,如果你沒用過某些詞匯,那它們就是別人的 “財產”。之后各句給出建議,尤其最后兩句說:“試著使這些詞變成你自己的,使它們成為你以前掌握的那些詞的同伴或友好對手。讓它們競爭,使你的語言變得愈發豐富?!庇纱丝梢耘袛?,對于一個詞來說,如果說話的人沒有使用過,那么它就不能算作為其所有。C項符合文意,故為答案。
4.[單選題]What will happen if we conf'me ourselves to words we always use?
  • A.Our expression ability will be affected.
  • B.Our mind will be narrowed down.
  • C.Our interest in learning will be discouraged.
  • D.Our emotional world will be restricted.
  • 解題思路:題干問如果我們只用自己常用的詞匯會怎樣。根據第一段第四句可知: “我們常常反復不斷地使用同樣的舊詞,這使我們的詞匯量受限,從而,我們的表達能力也受限了?!憋@然,通過本句的因果關系可判斷,局限于常用詞的結果是詞匯量受限,表達能力受限。因此A項與原文意思相符。故為答案。B項中narrow down及D項中restrict雖與原文相似或相同,但兩項中涉及的mind和emotional world均與原文powers of expression不符,故均可排除。C項文中未提及。
5.[單選題]When we turn to some expressions which are less frequently used, we
  • A.may find them amusing and interesting
  • B.always feel unsure and worried
  • C.are not accustomed to the switch
  • D.probably feel strange and dismayed
  • 解題思路:該句意為: “不過,如果我們在描述某人的善意舉動時,偶爾說他的體貼周到是出于“習慣性的”而非“通常的”,不是更討人喜歡,或許,也更有趣嗎?”由此可判斷,有時我們使用一些平時不常用的詞匯,會顯得更為有趣。故A項與原文意思相符,為正確答案。
大學英語六級在線題庫
  • 參考答案:D,B,C,A,A
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