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    Young people always suffer in recessions. Employers stop__1__them; and theyoften get rid of new recruits because they are easier to sack. But during the__2__ecessionsin the 1970s,1980s, and 1990s, older workers also got fired. This time is different. Duringthe financial crisis in 2008, and since, older people have done better than other age groups.
    The researchers__3__on movements in "non-employment" as a share of the totalpopulation in three age groups between the final quarters of 2007 and 2012. Whereas theaverage non-employment rate in the OECD ( 經濟合作與發展組織) countries has risenby__4__% among young people and by 1.5% among 25- to 54-year-olds, it has 4 by 2%among the 55-64 age group.
    Why have older employees done so well? Maybe the job protection mechanismhas played its role, but what has really changed is that firms now __5__the full costs ofgetting rid of older staff.
    Nowadays, older workers are healthier than they used to be and work isless__6__demanding.
    They are also more__7__to employers than prior generations for they have receivedbetter education.
    Old workers now also have a sharper___8__to stay in employment because ofthe impact of the crisis on wealth. Many will argue that older workers have done betterat the__9__of the young. This is wrongheaded ( 執迷不悟的 ) . First, it is a false beliefthat a job gained for one person is a job lost for another. Second, young and old people areby and large not substitute in the workplace. They do different types of work in different typesof__10__. There are plenty of things that can help the young jobless, but shunting ( 避開 )older workers out of the workplace is not one of them. 
A.attractive   
B.bear  
C.charge   
D.energetically 
E.Expense 
F.Fallen 
G.Focus 
H.Hiring 
I.Incentive 
J.Occupation 
K.Physically 
L.Previous 
M.Productive 
N.profitably 
O.Sector 

1.[選詞填空]
    • 解題思路:根據空格前的do differem types of work in different typesof可以判斷,此處需要填入一個名詞,且該名詞需與work“工作”相關。備選詞匯中只有occupation“職業”符合此處語境,故選J。
    2.[選詞填空]
      • 解題思路:空格所在的句子缺少謂語動詞,再由空格后的介詞on可以判斷,此處需要填入一個動詞,且該動詞后面須能接介詞on。備選詞匯中只有focus“集中”符合此處語境。focus on為固定用法,意為“集中注意力于……,重點關注……”,故選G。
      3.[選詞填空]
        • 解題思路:根據空格前的are also more和空格后的to employers可以判斷,此處需要填入一個形容詞,與more一起構成形容詞的比較級。備選詞匯中productive意為“富有成效的,多產的”,填入此處空格語義不通,故排除。attractive意為“有吸引力的”,符合此處語境。be more attractive to sb.意為“對某人來說更有吸引力”,故選A。
        4.[選詞填空]
          • 解題思路:根據空格前的動詞stop和空格后的代詞them可以判斷,此處需要填入一個動名詞,構成stop doing sth.結構,意為“停止做某事”。備選詞匯中只有hiring“雇用”符合此處語境,故選H。
          5.[選詞填空]
            • 解題思路:根據空格前的have a sharper和空格后的不定式短語可以判斷,此處需要填人一個可數名詞的單數形式。備選詞匯中能夠被sharper修飾的只有incentive“動機”,a sharper incentive意為“更加強烈的動機”,故選I。
            6.[選詞填空]
              • 解題思路:根據空格前的it has和空格后的by 2%可以判斷,此處需要填入一個動詞的過去分詞形式,且該動詞需能夠表示與數據變化相關的動作。備選詞匯中只有fallen“下降”符合此處語境,故選F。
              7.[選詞填空]


                • 解題思路:空格位于由and連接的一個并列分句中,該分句中并不缺少任何成分,由空格前的is less和空格后的形容詞demanding可以判斷,此處需要填入一個副詞修飾demanding“要求高的”。由于該句前半句中提到了現在老年人的身體比以往更加健康,由此不難推知此處分句是承接前文,說明工作對于人的身體的要求有所下降。備選詞匯中physically“身體上地”最符合此處語境,故選K。
                8.[選詞填空]
                  • 解題思路:根據空格前的at the和空格后的介詞of可以判斷,此處需要填入一個名詞。后文中緊接著指出該句的觀點錯誤,隨后詳細說明了老年人就業并不會影響年輕人就業,由此可以判斷,該句想要表達的是與后文表述相反的觀點,即:許多人會認為老年人就業表現變好是以損害年輕人的利益為代價。備選詞匯中expense“代價;花費”最符合此處語境,at the expense of等于at the cost of, 意為“以……為代價”,故選E。
                  9.[選詞填空]
                    • 解題思路:根據空格前的定冠詞the和空格后的名詞recessions可以判斷,此處需要填入一個形容詞修飾recessions。備選詞匯中attractive“有吸引力的”和productive“多產的”均不能修飾“經濟衰退”,只有previous“先前的”符合此處語境,故選L。
                    10.[選詞填空]
                      • 解題思路:此處空格位于that引導的從句中,該從句中缺少謂語動詞,從句的主語為firms。再由空格前的now一詞可以判斷,此處需要填入一個原形動詞。 備選詞匯中只有bear“承擔;忍受”符合語境,bear the full costs of…意為“承擔……的全部費用”,故選B。
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                      • 參考答案:J,G,A,L,I,F,K,E,L,B
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